Kṛṣṇa & Śukla Yajur VedaSandhyāvandanaPandit Sri Ramasrimatham.comJanuary 2015
2FSANDHYĀ VANDANAMSandhyā performance is obligatory on all those who have been initiated withthe sacred thread. Those who have not been initiated may perform it as anoption in their spiritual practice.The text of the Sandhyā differs among the followers of the 3 Vedas (Rig,Yajur and Sāma)In this pamphlet we give 3 forms of the Sandhyā the first is that of theKrishna Yajur Veda, the second that of the Sukla Yajur Veda and the 3rd is aPauranika version which can be used by any one without any restrictionwhatsoever.The most important part of the Sandhyā is the worship and recitation of theGāyatrī mantra.
31. KṚṢṆA YAJUR VEDIYA SANDHYĀVANDANA!!This form of the Sandhyā is basically the same for all those who follow the KṛṣṇaYajur Veda, be they Vaiṣṇavas, Smārtas or Śaivas. The principle difference being inthe form of the saṅkalpam.All of the verses are recited by the Smārtas but some are deleted by Vaiṣṇavas. Theverses which Vaiṣṇavas refrain from reciting are are enclosed in a box.1. ācamanam — Sipping of water. Having bathed and worn a clean dhoti, sit or squat in kukuṭāsana (posture of achicken) facing the east in the morning, north at midday and the west in the eveningand sip water three times for the purification of body, speech and mind;oṃ acyutāya namaḥsip water from the brāhma tīrtha of right handoṃ anantāya namaḥoṃ govindāya namaḥ2. Aṅga-nyāsam Touch the various parts of the body indicated with the right hand, consecrating it asthe temple of God.keśavanārāyaṇatouch the right cheek with the thumbtouch the left cheek with the thumb(seat of fire)mādhavagovindatouch the right eye with the ring fingertouch the left eye with the ring finger(seat of Sun)viṣṇumadhusūdanatouch the right side of nose with the index fingertouch the left side of nose with the index finger(seat of wind)trivikramavāmanatouch right ear with the little fingertouch left ear with the little finger(seat of Indra)śrīdharahṛṣīkeśatouch right shoulder with the middle fingertouch left shoulder with the middle finger(seat of Prajāpati)padmanābhadāmodaratouch the navel with the right handtouch the top of the head with the right hand
43. Vighna Apaharaṇam — Removal of Obstacles. With the fists tap the temples with the thought that the Spiritual Nectar which hascollected there (according to Yoga Sastras) is now dissipating throughout the body.śuklāṃ baradharaṃ viṣṇuṃ śaśi varṇaṃ catur bhūjam prasanna vadanaṃ dhyāyet sarva vighnopa śāntaye The All-pervading Lord Viṣṇu is to be meditated upon for the removal of obstacles; clad in whitegarments, resplendent like the Moon, the four armed and cheerful-faced.4. Prāṇāyāma — Control of the Breath. This is done by folding the index and middle fingers into the palm of the right handand then closing the nostrils with the thumb and the ring finger. Breathe out throughthe left nostril and then breathe in. Holding the breath reciting the following mantra,then breathe out through the right nostril. Breathe in again through the right nostril andholding the breath repeat the mantra again and then breathe out through the left.This constitutes one round of Prāṇāyāma. 3 rounds should be done.oṃ bhūḥ oṃ bhuvaḥ oguṃ suvaḥ oṃ mahaḥ oṃ janaḥ oṃ tapaḥ oguṃ satyam om bhūḥ bhuvaḥ suvaḥ tat sa̍vi̱tuḥ vare̎ṇyaṁ bhargo̍ devasya dhīmahi dhiyo̱yo na̍ḥ pracodayā̎t oṃ āpo jyotir raso’mṛtaṃ brahma bhūr bhuvas-suvarom Om The material world, Om The realm of mind; Om The realm of light; Om The realm ofvastness; Om The realm of creative delight, Om The realm of unobstructed Will; Om The realm ofthe highest Truth; Om may we meditate upon that Adorable Light of the Divine Creator, and mayHe impel our intellect. Om He is in the water, light, flavour, nectar of immortality and alsopervades the three realms — physical, mental and spiritual. He who is denoted by Praṇava is allthese. Thereafter do śrotrācamanam by touching the right ear with the right hand (Gangaresides in the right ear).Then make Brahmāñjali by placing the left hand upturned on the right thigh and thenclasping it with the right hand downturned.5. Saṅkalpaḥ — Statement of Intent(smārtas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, govinda govinda govinda, mama upātta samasta duritakṣaya dvārā śrīparameśvara prītyarthaṃ prātaḥ/ madhyāhnika/ sāyaṃ sandhyām upāsiṣye For the absolution of all my sins in order to invoke the grace of the Supreme Lord, I nowperform my morning/noon/evening devotions.
5(vaiṣṇavas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, Govinda Govinda Govinda, bhagavad ājñayā bhagavad kainkaryarūpaṃ prātaḥ/ madhyāhnika/ sāyaṃ sandhyām upāsiṣye With the sanction of the Supreme Being and as service to Him alone, I now perform mymorning/noon/evening devotions.6. Prokṣaṇam — Aspertion.!If urdhva-pundram was not applied after bath it can now be applied to the foreheadusing the middle finger dipped in water while reciting;oṃ keśavāya namaḥ !!Take water in the uddharini with the left hand and using the ring finger of the righthand sprinkle water over the head with the following 7 mantras;āpo̱ hiṣṭho ma̍yo̱ bhuva̱ḥ tā na̍ ū̱rje da̍dhātana ma̱he raṇā̍ya̱ cakṣa̍te yo va̍ś-śi̱vata̍mo̱ rasa̱ḥ tasya̍ bhājayate̱ha naḥ u̱śa̱tīr-i̍va mā̱taraḥ tasmā̱ ara̍ṅga māma vaḥ (with these seven mantras sprinkle water on the head)yasya̱ kṣayā̍ya̱ jinva̍tha (sprinkle on the feet)āpo̍ ja̱naya̍thā ca naḥ (sprinkle again on the head)bhūr bhuvas-suvaḥ (take water in the hand and circle the head)O Waters! you are beneficent, so grant to us nourishment that we may behold great delight.Grant us a share in that great bliss that you possess, like Mothers in their tender solicitouslove. To you we come gladly for Him, to whose abode you lead us on. Make us pure throughwisdom and grant us to be reborn with splendour.7. Prāśaṇam — Sipping. Pour an uddharini full of water into the palm of the right hand, recite the followingmantra and sip it from the brahma-tirtha.Morningsūryaśca mā manyuśca manyu patayaśca manyu̍-kṛte̱bhyaḥ pāpebhyo̍rakṣa̱ntām yad rātriyā pāpa̍m akā̱rṣam manasā vācā̍ hastā̱bhyām padbhyām udare̍ṇa śi̱śnā rātri̱s tad ava̍lu̱mpatu yat kiñca̍ duri̱taṃ mayi̍ idam ahaṃ mām amṛ̍ta yo̱nau sūrye jyotiṣi juho̍mi svā̱hā O Lord! absolve me of the sins caused by anger. Whatever sins I may have committed by night; bymy thought, speech, or actions as well as all other sins attaching to me, may they all becompletely effaced. Thus purified from all sins, I offer myself as an oblation to the Supreme Lightrepresented by the Sun the source of all immortality for the welfare of all beings.
6Midday;āpa̍ḥ punantu pṛthi̱vīṁ pṛ̍thi̱vī pū̱tā pu̍nātu̱ mām pu̱nantu̱ bra̍hmaṇa̱spati̱rbrahma̍ pū̱tā pu̍nātu mām yad ucchi̍ṣṭha̱m abho̎jyam yad vā̍ duścari̍ta̱mmama̍ sarva̍ṁ punantu̱ mām āpo̍’sa̱tāṁ ca̍ prati̱gṛha̱gu̱ṁ svāhā̎ May the godesses of the water purify the earth, may the purified earth purify me as well as theteacher of the Vedas. May the ever pure Vedas purify me. May I be purified from all the demeritincurred by eating the remnants of others’ meals, or having consumed forbidden articles, orhaving received gifts from unworthy people. I offer myself into the blazing fire of enlightenment.Eveningagniścamā manyuśca manyu patayaśca manyu̍-kṛte̱bhyaḥ pāpebhyo̍ rakṣa̱ntām yad ahnā pāpa̍m akā̱rṣam manasā vācā̍ hastā̱bhyām padbhyām udare̍ṇaśi̱śnā rātri̱s tad ava̍lu̱mpatu yat kiñca̍ duri̱taṃ mayi̍ idam ahaṃ mām amṛ̍tayo̱nau satye jyotiṣi juho̍mi svā̱hā O Lord! save me from the sins caused by anger. Whatever sin I may have committed during thisday; by my thought, speech, or actions as well as all other sins attaching to me, may they all becompletely effaced. Thus purified from all sins, I offer myself as an oblation into the SelfLuminous Truth, the source of all immortality, for the welfare of all beings.8. Punarmārjanam — Repeated Aspersion. Repeat the performance of the aspertion as before with apo hiṣṭā but preceded by;da̱dhi̱ krāviṇṇo̍ ākāriṣaṃ ji̱ṣṇor aśva̍sya vā̱jina̍ḥ su̱ra̱bhi no̱ mukhā̍ kara̱t praṇa̱ āyūguṁṣi tāriṣat sdeeds.(RV.4.39.6TS.18.104.22.168)9. Arghya Pradānam — Libation to the Sun. Taking an uddharini full of water in the right palm recite the prayer and then pour iton the ground from the tips of the fingers. If standing in a river or tank then offer thelibations with the cupped-palms. prāṇāyāma — śrotrācamanam — brahmāñjali;Saṅkalpaḥ:(smartas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, govinda govinda govinda, mama upātta samasta duritakṣaya dvārāśrī parameśvara prītyarthaṃ prātaḥ/madhyāhnika/sāyaṃ sandhyā sūrya arghyapradānam kariṣye
7For the absolution of all my sins in order to invoke the grace of the Supreme Lord, I now offerlibations of water to the Sun.(vaishnavas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, govinda govinda govinda, bhagavad ājñayā bhagavad kainkaryarūpaṃ prātaḥ/madhyāhnika/sāyaṃ sandhyā sūrya arghya pradānam kariṣye With the sanction of the Supreme Being and as service to Him alone, I now offer libations ofwater to the Sun. Offer three libations from the deva tīrtha with the gāyatri mantraom bhūḥ bhuvaḥ suvaḥ tat sa̍vi̱tuḥ vare̎ṇyaṁ bhargo̍ devasya dhīmahi dhiyo̱yo na̍ḥ pracodayā̎t oṃ sūryāya namaḥ idam arghyam 10. Prāyaścitta Arghyam — Atonement Libation. If the Sandhyā is being done after the Sun has already risen then an extra libation isoffered as an atonement.prāṇāyāma — śrotrācamanam — brahmāñjali;Saṅkalpaḥ:(smartas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, Govinda Govinda Govinda, mama upātta samasta duritakṣayadvārā śrī parameśvara prītyarthaṃ prātaḥ/ madhyāhnika/ sāyaṃ sandhyā kālātītaprāyaścitta arthaṃ turiya arghya pradānam kariṣyeFor the absolution of all my sins in order to invoke the grace of the Supreme Lord, I now offer afourth libation of water to the Sun. in order to atone for performing my devotions after theprescribed time.(vaishnavas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, Govinda Govinda Govinda, bhagavad ājñayā bhagavad kainkaryarūpaṃ prātaḥ/madhyāhnika/sāyaṃ sandhyā kālātīta prāyaścitta arthaṃ turiyaarghya pradānam kariṣye With the sanction of the Supreme Being and as service to Him alone, I now offer a fourthlibation of water to the Sun. in order to atone for performing my devotions after the prescribedtime. Offer the extra libation as before.Recite the following mantra and sprinkle water around yourself.oṃ bhūr-bhuvas-suvaḥ
811. Brahma-bhāvanam* — contemplation on oneself as being identified with theAbsolute Reality.āsāvadityo brahma brahmaivāham asmi Brahman is manifest in yonder sun In me too is Brahman manifest12. Tarpaṇam — Subsidary Libations. Perform ācamanam & aṅga-nyāsam.Libations are then offered to the nine planets and 12 manifestations of Vishnu — fromthe deva-tīrtha of the hand.* ādityaṃ tarpayāmi somaṃ tarpayāmi aṅgārakaṃ tarpayāmi budhaṃ tarpayāmi bṛhaspatiṃ tarpayāmi śukraṃ tarpayāmi śanaiścaraṃ tarpayāmi rāhuṃ tarpayāmi ketuṃ tarpayāmi keśavam tarpyāmi nārāyaṇam tarpyāmi mādhavam tarpyāmi govindam tarpyāmi viṣṇum tarpyāmi madhusūdanam tarpyāmi trivikramam tarpyāmi vāmanamtarpyāmi śrīdharam tarpyāmi hṛṣīkeśam tarpyāmi padmanābham tarpyāmi dāmodaram tarpyāmi ācamanamone more offeringoṃ tat sat brahmarpaṇam astu13. Gāyatri Japam — Recitation of the Gāyatri Mantra. This is the most important part of the Sandhya ritual. If possible the Gayatri mantrashould be recited 108 times but if this is not possible then the minimum is ten times inthe morning and ten times in the evening.Perform ācamanam & aṅga-nyāsam.Take a seat touch the ground and recite the following mantra;pṛthvi tvayā dhṛtā lokā devi tvaṃ viṣṇunā dhṛtā tvaṃ ca dhāraya māṃ devi pavitraṃ kuru cāsanam O Mother Prthivi, you support the world, and you in turn are supported by Vishnu. Pleasesupport me, O Goddess, and purify my seat. prāṇāyāma - śrotrācamanam - brahmānjali;Saṅkalpaḥ:(smartas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, Govinda Govinda Govinda, mama upātta samasta duritakṣayadvārā śrī parameśvara prītyerthaṃ prātaḥ/ madhyāhnika/ sāyaṃ sandhyāmgāyatri mahā mantra japaṃ kariṣye For the absolution of all my sins in order to invoke the grace of the Supreme Lord, I now,in the course of my devotions perform the recitation of the Great Gāyatri mantra.
9(vaishnavas)hariḥ oṃ tatsat, Govinda Govinda Govinda, bhagavad ājñayā bhagavadkainkarya rūpaṃ prātaḥ/madhyāhnika/sāyaṃ sandhyām gāyatri mahā mantrajapaṃ kariṣye With the sanction of the Supreme Being and as service to Him alone, I now, in the courseof my devotions perform the recitation of the Great Gāyatri mantra.Gayatri nyāsaḥ Touch the parts of the body indicated;—oṃ asya gāyatri mahā mantrasya — viśvamitraḥ ṛṣiḥforeheadnicṛd-gāyatri chandaḥmouthsavitā devatāheartsandhya vandane jape viniyogaḥrotate the hands at chest levelOf the Great Gāyatri mantra the Seer is Viśvamitra, the metre is Nicṛd-gāyatri and the Sun is theDeity; it is recited during the twilight devotions. Perform 3 rounds of prāṇāyāmaKara-nyāsaoṃ bhūḥ aṅguṣṭhābhyāṃ namaḥ — stroke the thumbs with the index fingers of the samehandsoṃ bhuvaḥ tarjanībhyāṃ namaḥ— stroke the index fingers from the palm to the tips withthe thumbsoṃ suvaḥ madhyamābhyāṃ namaḥ — stroke the middle fingers from the palm to the tipswith the thumbsoṃ bhūḥ anāmikābhyāṃ namaḥ — stroke the ring-fingers fingers from the palm to the tipswith the thumbsoṃ bhuvaḥ kaniṣṭhikābhyāṃ namaḥ — stroke the little fingers from the palm to the tipswith the thumbsoṃ suvaḥ kara-tala-kara-prṣṭhābhyāṃ namaḥ — touch each palm, and then the back ofeach hand.oṃ bhūḥ hrdayāya namaḥ — touch the heart with the right fist.oṃ bhuvaḥ śirasi svāhā — touch the head with the right index and thumb joined.oṃ suvaḥ śikhāyai vaṣaṭ — touch the crown of the head with the right handoṃ bhūḥ kavacāya huṃ — cross the arms over the chest and touch the shouldersoṃ bhuvaḥ netrābhyāṃ vauṣaṭ — touc