Sandhya Vandanam ProcedureWith Summary MeaningCompiled byRamachander.P.R.IntroductionSandhya Vandanam literally means either “Salutation to the goddess of Dawn and dusk or” theprayers done during dawn and dusk.” Hindus considered the period just before dawn and just afterdusk as well as the exact period of noon , as extremely suitable for meditation. All Brahmins afterUpanayanam (prescribed to be done at the age of seven), were required to do these prayers withoutfail. Essentially these prayers are offering oblations to the devas (arghya pradanam), doing breathingexercises (pranayamam) and then meditating on Gayathri by chanting the king of all manthras“Gayathri”. This Manthra is taught to every boy by his own father during the ceremony ofbrahmopadesam. After learning Gayathri every boy is supposed to have taken a second birth and isentitled to be called “Dwija”.Our scriptures attach lot of importance to Sandhya vandanam .They prescribe that a dwija should doit without fail every day, They also say that the knowledgeable Brahmin who salutes the Sun goddaily thrice would attain whatever he wants. They further say that one who does not dosandhyavandanam is a sinner and is not eligible for any Vedic duties.What is given below is the Sandhya Vandanam procedure prescribed for Yajur Vedis. But themanthras to be chanted by followers of the other Vedas is also mentioned wherever there is adifference. All people are requested to do the Sandhya vandanam initially for a few times under theguidance of their “Guru” and use the procedure and manthras given below later. This is requestedbecause English being not a very phonetic language is inadequate to transliterate Sanskrit slokas andthat too those written in the Vedic Sanskrit.A summary meaning of all the manthras chanted is appended at the end.Sandhya Vandhanam-Part I- Argya pradhanamSandhya vandhana has two parts, the first one normally to be done either standing in a river orsitting with hunched legs on the feet outside the house and the second part is done by sitting on
firm ground using the lotus pose. (Padmasana). It is normally done facing east during dawn and noonand facing west during dusk. .1.Perform Achamanam1Take minute quantities of water(just sufficient to soak one grain of black gram) three times in theright hand and take it with the following manthra.1.Om Achyuthaya nama 2,Om Ananthaya nama 3.Om Govindaya namaThenTouch with thumb both cheeks saying kesava -NarayanaTouch with ring finger both eyes saying Madhava –govindaTouch with the first finger both sides of nose saying Vishno-MadhusoodanaTouch with little finger both ears saying Trivikrama-VamanaTouch with the middle finger both shoulders saying Sreedhara-Hrishi kesaTouch with all fingers the belly button saying PadmanabhaTouch with all fingers the head saying Damodara2.Ganapathi dyanam*Recite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:Shuklambaradharam Vishnum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.*This prayer is not recited by Vaishnavas. They are requested to go to the next section.3.Do Pranayamam.Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the followingManthra:1Summary meaning of manthras at end of the text.
Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum SathyamOm Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om , Om4. SankalpamKeep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite thefollowing manthra:Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham*,pratha sandhyam upasishye (for madhyannikam instead tell” madhyaynikam karishye “and forevening sandhya vandhanam tell “sayam sandhyam upasishye”)*Vaishnavas may instead tell “shri bhagavadaagnaayaa shriimannaaraayana priityartham “5.Marjanam
Sri kesavaya nama (write OM in water with the ring finger)Recite the following ten manthras. While reciting the first seven sprinkle water on the head, whilereciting the eighth touch the feet, nine again sprinkle on the head and complete by reciting the tenthwith Take little water on your right palm and throw around your head in clockwise direction likepradakshinamAapo hishta mayo bhuva (1), thana oorje dadha thana (2), Mahe ranaaya chakshase (3), Yova shivathamo rasa (4) Thasya bhajaya thehana (5) usatheeriva mathara (6) Thasma aranga mamava (7)Yasya kshayaya jinwadha (8), Aapo janayadha jana (9) Om bhorbuvassuva (10)6.PraasanamTake in the hand small quantity of water in the palm (just sufficient to immerse one grain) recites thefollowing manthra and drink it while telling “swaha”.Morning (pratha sandhya)For Rig Vedis and Yajur vedisSooryascha ma manyuscha manyu patayascha manyukruthebhya.Paapebhyo rakshanthamYad rathrya papa ma karshamManasa vacha hasthabhyam padbhyam udarena sisnaaRathri sthadha valumbathuYad kincha duritham mayiIdham aham mam amrutha yonauSoorya jyothishi juhomi swahaFor Sama vedis
Ahascha maa adithyascha punathu swahaNoon (madhyahnika)Aapa punanthu prithweem, prithwee pootha punathu maamPunanthu brahmanaspathir brahma pootha punathu maamYad uchishta mabhojyam yadhwa ducharitham mamaSarvam punanthu mamopa asatham cha prathigraham swahaEvening (sayam sandhya)For Yajur and Rik VedisAgnischa ma manyuscha manyu pathayascha manyu kruthebhyaPapebhyo rakshanthamYadahna papama karshamManasa vaacha hasthabhyamPadbhyam udarena sisnaAhasthada valumbathuYad kinchid duritham mayiIdamaham maam amrutha yonauSathye jyothishi juhomi swahaFor Sama VedisRathrischa ma varunascha punathu swaha.
7.Achamanamuse the same manthras and action as given in “1” above8.Punar marjanamRecite the following fourteen manthras. While reciting the first eleven-sprinkle water on the head,while reciting the twelfth touch the feet, thirteen again sprinkle on the head and complete byreciting the fourteenth with Take little water on your right palm and throw around your head inclockwise direction like pradakshinamDadhi kravinno akarisham (1) Jishno raswasya vajina (2) surabhino mukha karaath (3) Pranaayugumshi tharishath (4) Aapo hishta mayo bhuva (5), Thana oorje dadha Thana (6), Mahe ranaayachakshase (7), Yova shiva thamo rasa (8) Thasya bhajaya thehana (9) usatheeriva mathara (10)Thasma aranga mamava (11) Yasya kshayaya jinwadha (12), Aapo janayadha jana (13) Ombhorbuvassuva (14)Some Rik vedis after doing this punar marjanam recite the following manthra with little water inhand, smell the water and pour it in southwesterly directionRuthancha sathyancha thapasodyadha thadho rathri jayatha thada samudhro arnavaaSamudhradarnavaa dadhi samvadvaro ajayatha.Aho rathraani vidhathat viswasya mishadho vasi.Soorya chandrama sow dhatha yadha poorva magalpayath.Divancha prithweem santharishmatho Suva.9.Argya pradhanamJoin both hands together and take hand full of water taking care not to join both thumbs with otherfingers (facing east during Pratha Sandhya, facing north during Madyannikam, and facing westduring Sayam Sandhya) repeat the following manthra and pour it, thrice during pratha sandhya,twice during Madhyannikam and twice during Sayam sandhya: -Om Bhorbuvassuva. Tatsa vithur varenyam bhargo devasya deemahi. Dhiyo yona prachodayath
Rik vedis in all the three times offer three argyas always standing,.10.Prayaschitha ArgyamDo Pranayama (refer s. no. 3 above)Then offer one more Argyam in a similar fashion as above. This is a Prayaschitha (atonement) fordoing the argya pradhanam late. Take small quantity of water in the right hand and rotate it aboveones own head saying (this is called Athma parishechanam)Om BhorbuvassuvaRik and sama Vedis use a different manthra for this prayachithargyam:-Morning (pratha sandhya)Om yadathya gacha vruthrahan. Udayaa abhisoorya sarvaan dathindra they vache.Noon (madyannikam)Om uthkedthbhi sruthamagam vrushabham naryabasimAstharameshi sooryaEvening (sayam sandhya)Om na thasya maya yachanaRipureeseetha marthya yo agnaye dathacha havyadathaye(Rik vedis end it as havyadathibhi)11.IkyaanusandhanamWith both hands touch the middle of the chest . close the eyes , meditate and chant
Asaavadhityo brahma. BrahamaivahamasmiThen do Achamanam,12.Deva TharpanamSit facing east during pratha sandhya, facing north during madhyannikam, and facing east duringsayam sandhya , take water in the hand and pour it out through its tips after each manthra .Takecare to take water separately each time.Aadithyam tharpayamiSomam tharpayamiAngarakam tharpayamiBudham tharpayamiBrahaspathim tharpayamiShukram tharpayamiSanaiswaram tharpayamiRahum tharpayamiKethum tharpayamiKesavam tharpayamiNarayanam tharpayamiMadhavam tharpayamiGovindam tharpayamiVishnum tharpayamiMadhusoodhanam tharpayamiTrivikramam tharpayamiVamanam tharpayamiSreedharam tharpayamiHrishikesam tharpayamiPadmanabham tharpayami
Damodharam tharpayamiThen do aachamanamThus ends the first part of Sandhya vandanaSandhyavandhanam Part II JapamThis is done sitting cross-legged or in the Padmasana pose , sitting on a mat or wooden Palagaiplaced on the floor either on the shores of the river or inside the house. This is done facing eastduring pratha sandhya, facing north during madyannikam and facing west during sayam sandhya.1.Japa sankalpamRecite the following manthra slowly hitting the forehead with both fists together.:Shuklambaradharam Vishunum Sasi Varnam ChathurBhujam,Prasanna Vadanam Dyayeth Sarva Vigna Upa Santhaye.*This prayer is not recited by Vaishnavas.They are requested to go to the next section.Do Pranayamam.Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the followingManthra:-Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum Sathyam
Om Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om , OmKeep the right palm inside the left palm and keep the palms on the right thigh and recite thefollowing manthra:Mamo partha samastha duritha kshaya dwara, Sri Parameshwara preethyartham*,pratha sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye (for madhyannikam instead tell”madhyaynika gayathri maha manthra japam karishye “and for evening sandhya vandhanam tell“sayam sandhya gayathri maha manthra japam karishye”)*Vaishnavas may instead tell “shri bhagavadaaGYayaa shriimannaaraayaNa priityarthaM “2, Pranava japamPranavasya Rishi Brahma(touch the forehead with fingers), Devi gayathri Chanda(touch below thenose), Paramathma devatha(touch the middle of the chest)Bhooradhi saptha vyahrudeenam athri- brugu – kuthsa – vasishta – gowthama – kasyapa –aangeerasa rishaya ( touch forhead)Gayathree- ushnig- anushtup -brahathi –pankthi- trushtup- jagathi –chandamsi (touch below thenose)Agni- vayu- arka- vageesa- varuna- indra- viswe deva- devatha (touch the middle of the chest.)Do pranayama as given below ten times:-
Hold both Nostrils with Thumb and the little and third finger of the hands and recite the followingManthra:-Om BhooOm BhuvaOgum SuvaOm MahaOm JanaOm ThapaOgum SathyamOm Tatsa vithur varenyam Bargo devasya dhi mahi dhiyo yona prachodayathOm ApaJyothj rasaAmrutham brahmaBhoorbuvasuvaromTouch the ears three times sayingOm, Om , Om3.Gayathri avahanamAayadithya anuvagasya vamadeva rishi(touch head), Anushtup chanda(touch below nose), Gayathridevatha (touch the middle of the chest)Aayathu varada devi aksharam brahma samhitham.Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.Oojosi , sahosi ,balamasi, brajosi ,devaanaam dhama naamaasi . viswamasi,viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom ,Gayathrim avahayami, Savithrim avahayami, saraswathimavahayami(while reciting the last three manthras, after avahayami, keep both the palms togetherwith little fingers touching and then slowly take the fingers towards oneself , and bring it back tooriginal position after one rotation)
For Rik VedisOm ithyekaksharam brahma. Agnir devatha brahma. IthyarshamGayathram chandam paramathmam swaroopam Sayjyam viniyogamAayathu varada devi akshatram brahma samhitham.Gayathri chandasam mathedam brahma jushaswana.Oojosi , sahosi ,balamasi, brajosi ,devaanaam dhama naamaasi . viswamasi,viswayu sarvamasi, sarvayu abhipoorom ,Gayathrim avahayami, Savithrim avahayamisaraswathim avahayami, chanda rishinaam avahayami, Sriyam avahayami, Gayathryagayathrischando viswamithra rishi(touch forehead), savitha devatha(touch below nose), Agnirmugam brahma, siro Vishnu, hrudaya Rudra, shikaa pruthvi, yoni prana apana vyano dana samanosapranaa, Swetha varna, sankhyayana sagothra, gayathri cha dur visathyakshara tripada shadrushipancha seershopanayane viniyoga.4.Gayathri nyasamSavithrya rishi brahma(touch the forehead), nichrud gayathri chanda(touch below the nose), savithadevatha( touch the middle of the chest)5.Gayathri japamRepeat 108 times the Gayathri facing east in the morning, west in the evening :“Om Bhorbuvaswa, tat sa vithur varenyam , bhargo devasya deemahi, dhiyo yona prachodayath(take care that the manthra is not heard to any one and if possible without the lips moving. Thecounting is done by using japamala are counting 10 with using the thumb the ten phalanges exceptthe bottom two of the ring finger. Some people insist that the counting should not be known toothers and cover the counting hand with towel)Some people repeat Gayathri manthra only 54 times during madhayannikam,
6.Gayathri upasthanamDo pranayamam and then stand up and chantFacing the same direction:Pratha sandhyam upasthanam karishye(during pratha sandhya)Adithyam upasthanam karishye (during madyannikam)Sayam sandhyaupasthanam karishye (during sayam sandhya)Then repeatUthame shikare devi , bhoomyam parvatha vardhini,Brahmanebhyo anugnanam , gacha devi yada sukham.7. Surya upasthanamDuring morning (pratha sandhya)For Yajur vedisMithrasya charshanee drutha sravo devasya saanaseem,Sathyam chithra sravasthamamMit