MYANMAR NATIONAL BUILDING CODEPART 6: BUILDING MATERIALS6.1 SCOPEThis Part of the Code covers the requirements of building materials and components, and criteriafor accepting of new or alternative buildings materials and components.6.2 MATERIALSEvery material used in fulfilment of the requirements of this Part, unless otherwise specified inthe Code or Duly Approved, shall conform to the relevant ASTM or Indian Standards. A list ofthe „accepted standards‟ is given at the end of this Part of Code.Remark : Building Materials included in this Myanmar National Building Code are temporarilyreferring to the ASTM and IS. Ministry of Construction and Ministry of Education are collaborating in the preparationof the National Standards and Specifications for Building Materials. Before the National Level Standards and Specifications are officially established, allBuilding Materials should be conformed to relevant reference to the ASTM and IS.6.3 NEW OR ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS6.3.1The provisions of this Part are not intended to prevent the use of any material notspecifically prescribed under 6.2. Any such material may require the approval of the ConcernedAuthority or a Committee appointed by the Authority, provided it is well established that thematerial is satisfactorily acceptable for the purpose it is intended. The Authority or theCommittee concerned shall take into account the following parameters, with respect to the use ofnew or alternative building materials.The prerequisite of the specified material, in addition to meeting those in the standardson its usage, shall also take into account their suitability in different geo-climaticcondition.a) General appearance;b) Dimension and dimensional stability;c) Structural stability including strength properties;

d) Fire resistant ;e) Durability;f) Thermal properties;g) Mechanical properties;h) Acoustical properties;i) Optical properties;j) Biological effect;k) Environmental aspects;l) Working condition ;m) Ease of handling; andn) Consistency and workability.For establishing the performance of the Material/component, laboratory/field tests, and fieldtrials, are required. The study of historical data is also recommended.6.3.2 Approval in writing by the Authority or the Concerned Committee appointed for thepurpose of evaluating the approval of material shall be obtained by the owner of the material orhis agent before any new, alternative or equivalent material is put to use. The Authority or TheCommittee appointed by them shall base such approval on the principle set in paragraph 6.3.1and shall require that tests be made (see 7.1) or sufficient evidence or proof be submitted. Allexpenses incurred shall be duly borne by the owner or his agent.6.4 STORAGE OF MATERIALSAll building materials shall be stored on the construction site with all the necessary measurestaken to prevent deterioration, the loss or impairment of their structural or other essentialproperties. (See Part -7 Construction Practices and Safety)6.5 METHODS OF TEST6.5.1 Every test of material required in this Part or by the Authority shall be carried out inaccordance with the ASTM Standard or Indian Standard method of test. In case where testingfacilities or methods of tests for either the ASTM or Indian Standards are not available, thesame shall conform to the methods of tests approved by the Authority. Laboratory tests shall beconducted by recognized laboratories acceptable to the Authority.6.5.2 The manufacturer/supplier shall duly testify that materials conform to the requirements ofthe specifications and if requested shall produce a certificate to this effect either to the purchaser

or his representative. When such test certificate is not available, the specimen of the materialshall be subjected to all the required tests.Following are the Myanmar Standards for various building materials and components, to becomplied with in fulfilment of the requirements of the Code. The list has been arranged inalphabetical order as follows:1) Aluminium and Other Light Metals and Their Alloys2) Bitumen and Tar Products3) Builder‟s Hardware4) Building chemicals5) Blocks, Bricks, Tiles and Masonry6) Cement and Concrete7) Doors Windows and Ventilators8) Electrical Wiring, Fittings and Accessories9) Floor Covering, Roofing and Other Finishes10) Glass and Glazing11) Gypsum Based Materials12) Paints and Allied Products13) Polymers, Plastic and Geosynthetics/Geotextiles14) Sanitary Appliances and Water Fittings15) Stones16) Structural Steel, Reinforcing Steel, Prestressing Steel and Others17) Thermal Insulation Materials18) Wood Based Materials19) Welding Electrodes and Wires20) Wire Ropes and Wire Products6.5.2.1 Aluminium and Other Light Metals and Their AlloyStd: No.TitleASTM B 209-14Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheetand PlateASTM B 221-12e1Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-AlloyRolled or Cold Finished Bar, Rod and Wire

ASTM B308/B308M-10Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 StandardStructural ProfilesASTM B313/B313M-09Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-AlloyRound Welded TubesASTM B361-08Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum andAluminum-Alloy Welding FittingsASTM B 429Specification for aluminium-alloy extruded structural pipe andtubeASTM B 491Specification for aluminium and aluminium-alloy extruded roundtubes for general-purpose applicationsASTM B 557Standard test method for tension testing wrought and castaluminium and magnesium-alloy productsASTM E 34Test method for chemical analysis of aluminium and aluminiumbase alloysIS 1254Specification for corrugated aluminium sheetIS 1284Specification for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys boltand screw stock for general engineering purposes6.5.2.2 Bitumen and Tar Productsa) SpecificationsStd: No.TitleASTM D 450Specification for coal-tar pitch used in roofing, damp proofingand waterproofingASTM D 490Specification for road tarASTM D 977Specification for emulsified asphaltASTM D 2026Specification for cutback asphalt (Slow-curing type)IS 73Specification for paving bitumenIS 218Specification for creosote oil for use as wood preservativesIS 454Specification for cutback bitumen from waxy crudeIS 702Specification for industrial bitumen

IS 15462Specification for polymer and rubber modified bitumenb) Methods for testing tar and bituminous materialsStd: No.TitleASTM D 4Standard test method for bitumen contentASTM D 5Standard test method for penetration for bituminous materialsASTM D 6Standard test method for loss on heating of oil and asphalticcompoundsASTM D 20Standard test method for distillation of road tarsASTM D 36Standard test method for softening point of bitumen (Ring-andball apparatus)ASTM D 70Standard test method for density of semi-solid bituminousmaterials (Pycnometer Method)ASTM D 92Standard test method for flash and fire points by Cleveland OpenCup testerASTM D 95Standard test method for water in petroleum products andbituminous materials by distillationASTM D 113Standard test method for ductility of bituminous materialsASTM D 139Standard test method for float test for bituminous materialsASTM D 140Standard practice for sampling of bituminous materialsASTM D 243Standard test method for residue of specified penetrationASTM D 1188Standard test method for bulk specific gravity and density ofcompacted bituminous mixtures using coated samplesASTM D 1754Standard test method for effects of heat and air on AsphalticMaterials (Thin-Film Oven test)ASTM D 2042Standard test method for solubility of asphalt materials intrichloroethyleneASTM D 3205Standard test method for viscosity of asphalt with cone and plateviscometerIS 1207Determination of equiviscous temperatureIS 9381Determination of FRAASS breaking point of bitumen

IS 10512Determination of wax content in bitumenIS 15172Determination of curing index for cutback bitumenIS 15173Determination of breaking point for cationic bitumen emulsion6.5.2.3 Builder’s HardwareStd: No.TitleASTM A 90Standard test method for weight (mass) of coating on iron andsteel articles with zinc or zinc-alloy coatingsASTM A 153Standard specification for zinc coating (hot-dip) on iron and steelhardwareASTM A 394Specification for steel transmission tower bolts, zinc-coated andbareIS 205Specification for non-ferrous metal butt hingesIS 206Specification for tee and strap hingesIS 208Specification for door handlesIS 281Specification for mild steel sliding door bolts for use with padlockIS 362Specification for parliament hingesIS 363Specification for hasps and staplesIS 364Specification for fanlight catchIS 452Specification for door springs, rattail typeIS 453Specification for double acting spring hingesIS 729Specification for drawer locks, cupboard locks and box locksIS 1341Specification for steel butt hingesIS 1823Specification for floor door stoppersIS 2209Specification for mortice locks (vertical type)IS 2681Specification for non-ferrous metal sliding door bolts for use withpadlockIS 3564Specification for door closers (hydraulically regulated)IS 3818Specification for continuous (piano) hingesIS 3828Specification for ventilator chainsIS 4621Specification for indicating bolts for use in public baths andlavatories

IS 4992Specification for door handles for mortice locks (vertical type)IS 5187Specification for flush boltsIS 5899Specification for bathroom latchesIS 6318Specification for plastic window stays and fastenersIS 7534Specification for sliding locking bolts for use with padlockIS 9106Specification for rising butt hingesIS 9131Specification for rim locksIS 9460Specification for flush drop handles for drawersIS 9899Specification for hat, coat and wardrobe hooksIS 10019Specification for mild steel stays and fastenersIS 10342Specification for curtain rail systemIS 12817Specification for stainless steel butt hingesIS 12867Specification for PVC handrail covers6.5.2.4 Building Chemicalsa) Chemical and Mineral AdmixturesStd:No.TitleASTM C 233Test method for air-entraining admixtures for concreteASTM C 260Specification for air-entraining admixtures for concreteASTM C 494/C494MSpecification for chemical admixtures for concreteASTM C 618Specification for coal fly ash and raw or calcined natural pozzolanfor use as a mineral admixture in concreteASTM C 989Specification for ground granulated blast-furnace slag for use inconcrete and mortars.ASTM C 1017Specification for chemical admixtures for used in producingflowing concrete.ASTM C 1240Specification for use of silica fume as a mineral admixture inhydraulic cement concrete, motor and grout.

b) Special Concrete Production MaterialsStd:No.TitleASTM C 330Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural ConcreteASTM C 331Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Concrete MasonryUnitsASTM C 332Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Insulating ConcreteASTM C 869Specification for Foaming Agents Used in Making Preformedfoam for Cellular ConcreteASTM C 979Specification for pigments for integrally coloured concreteASTM C 1107Specification for packaged dry, hydraulic-cement grout (NonShrink)c) Concrete Curing MaterialsStd:No.TitleASTM C 171Specifications for sheet materials for curing concreteASTM C 309Specification for liquid membrane-forming compounds for curingconcreteASTM C 1315Specification for liquid membrane-forming compounds havingspecial properties for curing and sealing concreted) Waterproofing and Damp-proofing MaterialsASTM D 41Specification for asphalt primer used in roofing, damp proofingand waterproofingASTM D 43Specification for coal tar primer used in roofing, damp proofingand waterproofingASTM D 173Specification for bitumen-saturated cotton fabrics used in roofingand waterproofing

ASTM D 449Specification for asphalt used in damp proofing and waterproofingASTM D 450Specification for coal tar pitch used in roofing, damp proofing andwaterproofingASTM D1327Specification for bitumen-saturated woven burlap fabrics used inroofing and waterproofingASTM D 1668Specification for glass fabrics (woven and treated) for roofing andwaterproofinge) Epoxy Compound MaterialsASTM C 881Specification for epoxy-resin-base bonding systems for concreteASTM C 884Test method for thermal compatibility between concrete and anepoxy- resin overlay6.5.2.5 Blocks, Bricks, Tiles and MasonryStd: No.TitleASTM C 55Specification of concrete bricksASTM C 62Standard specification for building brick (solid masonry unitsmade from clay or shale)ASTM C 67Standard test methods for sampling and testing brick and structuralclay tileASTM C 140Standard test methods for sampling and testing concrete masonryunits and related unitsASTM C 216standard specifications for facing brick (Solid masonry units madefrom clay or shale)ASTM C 652Standard specification for hollow brick (hollow masonry unitsmade from clay or shale)ASTM C 902Standard specification for pedestrian and light traffic paving brick

ASTM C 1209terminology of concrete masonry units and related unitsAST M C 1232Terminology of masonryASTM C 1272Standard specification for heavy vehicular paving brickASTM C 1634Specification of concrete facing bricksIS 2117Guide for manufacture of handmade common burnt clay buildingbricksIS 2222Specification for burnt clay perforated building bricksIS 3495Method of test for burnt clay building bricksIS 3583Specification for common burnt clay paving bricksIS 4885Specification for sewer bricksIS 5454Method of sampling of clay building bricksIS 11650Guide for manufacture of common burnt clay building bricks bysemi-mechanized processIS 13757Specification of burnt clay fly ash bricksRemarksNote:(a) Where non-load bearing structures or structures which are not important (eg; non-loadbearing wall, drain, fencings, etc.,) the use of bricks which do not meet the standardspecification given in the MNBC may be utilized. However, the suitability of the bricksshal