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CRANKCASE LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONSInfineum.comAPI Engine Oil ClassificationsSERVICE FILL OILS FOR GASOLINE, LIGHT-DUTY DIESEL AND HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL ENGINESPerformance you can rely on.

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ContentsPassenger Vehicle Engine Oil RequirementsFor API SP-RC/ILSAC GF-6A/6B Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3For API SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC/ILSAC GF-5 Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4For API SM and ILSAC GF-4 Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5For API SJ and SL Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Commercial Vehicle Engine Oil RequirementsFor API CK-4 and API FA-4 Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7For API CJ-4 Category. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8For API CI-4 and API CI-4 PLUS Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9For API CH-4 Category. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10SAE Viscosity Grades For Engine Oils. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11Infineum Regional Offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

API Engine Oil ClassificationsFor Service Fill OilsFootnotes(1) Not required for SAE XW-16 and 0W-20.(2) Not required for Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(3) 45 max for Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(4) No maximum for API SP or SN Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(5) If API CI-4, CJ-4, CK-4 and/or FA-4 categories precede the “S” categoryand there is no API Certification Mark, the Sequence VH (ASTM D8256),or VG (ASTM D6593), Ball Rust (ASTM D6557), and Gelation Index (ASTMD5133) tests are not required.(6) Viscosity grades are limited to SAE 0W, 5W and 10W multigrade oils.(7) Not required for monograde and SAE 15W, 20W, and 25W multigrade oils.(8) Calculated conversions specified in ASTM D5800 are allowed.(9) For all viscosity grades: If API CH-4, CI-4 and/or CJ-4 categories precedethe “S” category and there is no API Certification Mark, the “S” categorylimits for phosphorus, sulfur, and the TEOST MHT do not apply. However,the CJ-4 limits for phosphorus and sulfur do apply for CJ-4 oils, and thelimit in the SP-RC column for phosphorus (0.08% mass max) applieswhen CK-4 with SP or FA-4 with SP is claimed. Note that these “C”category oils have been formulated primarily for diesel engines and maynot provide all of the performance requirements consistent with vehiclemanufacturers’ recommendations for gasoline-fueled engines.(10) This is a non-critical specification as described in ASTM D3244.(11) After 1-minute settling period for all ILSAC viscosity grades and allAPI SP-RC or SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC oils.(12) After 10-minute settling period for non-ILSAC GF-6 or 5 viscosity gradeswhich are not API SP-RC or SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC.(13) Shall remain homogeneous and, when mixed with ASTM reference oils,shall remain miscible.(14) To be evaluated from –5 C to temperature at which 40,000 cP isattained or –40 C, or 2 Celsius degrees below the appropriate MRV TP-1temperature (defined by SAE J300), whichever occurs first.(15) Required for API SP-RC, SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC, ILSAC GF-6A or GF-5.Not required for API SP or SN.(16) The aged oil is an end-of-test sample generated either in the Sequence IIIHA test (ASTM D8111) , IIIGA test (ASTM D7320) or the ROBO test (ASTMD7528).(17) The ASTM D4684 (MRV TP-1) test is conducted at the original SAE J300viscosity grade temperature if the measured CCS viscosity is less thanor equal to the original viscosity grade maximum; and at 5 C highertemperature otherwise.(18) Except XW-20, which must remain / 5.6 cSt.(19) This is not an ILSAC GF-5 viscosity grade.(20) Stability after 10-minute settling period.(21) Option A allowed.(22) Stability after 1-minute settling period.(23) There is also a 0.08 min P requirement, unless a successful SequenceVG test has been run.(24) Meet the volatility requirement in either Test Method D5800, D5480,or D6417.(25) See ASTM D4485 for sludge parameters require in API SJ spec.(26) Phosphorous must be less than 0.08m% to obtain API S claims forILSAC grades.(27) Requires all individual merit ratings to be equal to or greater than zero.(28) T-11 is an acceptable alternative at CI-4 Plus limits.(29) Sequence VE can be run in lieu of ASTM D6891 ASTM D6593.(30) Required for API SP-RC, SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC, ILSAC GF-6 A/B or GF-5.(31) Not required for SAE XW-16.BACK TO TABLE OF CONTENTSPassenger Vehicle Engine Oil Requirements For API SP-RC/ILSAC GF-6A/6B CategoriesRequirements for API SP are the same as RC version, except as per footnotes.RequirementsTest MethodPropertiesUnitLimitsSP-RC/GF-61. LABORATORY/BENCH TESTSViscosity GradesSAE J300All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20,0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30.Foam TestsASTM D892 (21)Sequence I (11), (12)Sequence II (11), (12)Sequence III (11), (12)Sequence IV (11)tendency/stabilityml10/0 max50/0 max10/0 max100/0 max%% flow reduction% flow reduction% flow reduction% flow reduction50 max50 max50 max50 max50 maxcP and Pa 60,000 cP with no yield stress (17)ASTM D6082 (21)Manufacturer sets targetswithin SAE J300 specificationEOFTEOWTTASTM D6795ASTM D6794Flow Reductionwith 0.6% Waterwith 1.0% Waterwith 2.0% Waterwith 3.0% WaterAged OilLow-Temp Pumpability (16)ASTM D8111 or D7528 (7)MRV TP-1 Apparent Viscosity and Yield StressTEOST 33CEmulsion RetentionHomogeneity &MiscibilityASTM D6335ASTM D7563ASTM D6922High temperature depositsOil mixed with 10% Water and 10% E85Oil Compatibilitytotal deposit weight, mg0 C and 25 C @ 24 hoursNone30 max (1), (2), (15)No water separation (2), (30)Pass (13)Gelation Index (5)VolatilityBall Rust Test (5)Elastomer CompatibilityASTM D5133ASTM D5800ASTM D6557ASTM D7216, Annex A2Polyacrylate Rubber (ACM)Hydrogenated Nitrile (HNBR)Silicone Rubber (VMQ)Fluorocarbon Rubber (FKM)Ethylene Acrylic Rubber (AEM)Scanning Brookfield Viscosity, Yield StressEvaporation Loss (Noack)Rust ratingVolume Change, %-5, 9-5, 10-5, 40-2, 3-5, 30Calculated% off @ 250 CAverage Gray ValueHardness, pts-10, 10-10, 5-30, 10-6, 6-20, 1012 max (2), (14)15.0 max (8)100 minTensile strength change, %-40, 40-20, 15-50, 5-65, 10-30, 30Shear StabilityASTM D6278ASTM D6709 (Seq VIII)Diesel Injector, SAE XW-16 only10-hour stripped Kinematic ViscosityKV @ 100 C after 30 passescSt @ 100 C5.8 minStay in original visc grade (31)Sequence IIIHBASTM D8111 (SP-RC) orASTM D7320 (GF-6A)Phosphorus retention%81 min (2), (30)Phosphorus (9)Sulfur (9)ASTM D4951 or D5185ASTM D4951, D5185 orASTM D2622Phosphorus contentSulfur content of SAE 0W and 5W multigradesSAE 10W-30 and all other grades%%%0.06 - 0.08 (4), (10)0.5 max (4)0.6 max (4)Sequence IIIHASTM D8111Kinematic viscosity increaseAverage weighted piston depositsHot stuck rings% @ 40 C after 100 hoursMerits#100 max4.2 minNoneSequence IVBASTM 8350Average intake lifter volume loss (8 position avg.)End of test ironmm3ppm2.7 max400Sequence VH (5)ASTM D8256Average engine sludgeAverage rocker cover sludgeAverage engine varnishAverage piston skirt varnishOil screen sludgeOil screen debrisHot stuck compression ringsCold stuck ringsOil ring cloggingMeritsMeritsMeritsMerits% area% area##% area7.6 min7.7 min8.6 min7.6 minRate & reportRate & reportNoneRate & reportRate & reportSequence VIE (2) (6) (15)ASTM D8114SAE XW-20%FEI SUM/%FEI23.8 min/1.8 minSAE XW-30%FEI SUM/%FEI23.1 min/1.5 minSAE 10W-30 and all other grades notlisted above%FEI SUM/%FEI22.8 min/1.3 min%FEI SUM/%FEI24.1 min/1.9 minmg##26 max5 max8 max% increase0.085 max2. ENGINE TESTSSequence VIFASTM D8226SAE XW-16 onlySequence VIII (31)Sequence IXASTM D6709ASTM D8291Bearing weight lossAverage number of events for 4 iterationsNumber of events per iterationSequence XASTM D8279EOT elongation3

API Engine Oil ClassificationsFor Service Fill OilsFootnotes(1) Not required for SAE XW-16 and OW-20.(2) Not required for Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(3) 45 max for Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(4) No maximum for API SP or SN Non-ILSAC viscosity grades.(5) If API CI-4, CJ-4, CK-4 and/or FA-4 categories precede the “S” categoryand there is no API Certification Mark, the Sequence VH (ASTM D8256),or VG (ASTM D6593), Ball Rust (ASTM D6557), and Gelation Index (ASTMD5133) tests are not required.(6) Viscosity grades are limited to SAE 0W, 5W and 10W multigrade oils.(7) Not required for monograde and SAE 15W, 20W, and 25W multigrade oils.(8) Calculated conversions specified in ASTM D5800 are allowed.(9) For all viscosity grades: If API CH-4, CI-4 and/or CJ-4 categories precedethe “S” category and there is no API Certification Mark, the “S” categorylimits for phosphorus, sulfur, and the TEOST MHT do not apply. However,the CJ-4 limits for phosphorus and sulfur do apply for CJ-4 oils, and thelimit in the SP-RC column for phosphorus (0.08% mass max) applieswhen CK-4 with SP or FA-4 with SP is claimed. Note that these “C”category oils have been formulated primarily for diesel engines and maynot provide all of the performance requirements consistent with vehiclemanufacturers’ recommendations for gasoline-fueled engines.(10) This is a non-critical specification as described in ASTM D3244.(11) After 1-minute settling period for all ILSAC viscosity grades and allAPI SP-RC or SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC oils.(12) After 10-minute settling period for non-ILSAC GF-6 or 5 viscosity gradeswhich are not API SP-RC or SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC.(13) Shall remain homogeneous and, when mixed with ASTM reference oils,shall remain miscible.(14) To be evaluated from –5 C to temperature at which 40,000 cP isattained or –40 C, or 2 Celsius degrees below the appropriate MRV TP-1temperature (defined by SAE J300), whichever occurs first.(15) Required for API SP-RC, SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC, ILSAC GF-6A or GF-5.Not required for API SP or SN.(16) The aged oil is an end-of-test sample generated either in the Sequence IIIHA test (ASTM D8111) , IIIGA test (ASTM D7320) or the ROBO test (ASTMD7528).(17) The ASTM D4684 (MRV TP-1) test is conducted at the original SAE J300viscosity grade temperature if the measured CCS viscosity is less thanor equal to the original viscosity grade maximum; and at 5 C highertemperature otherwise.(18) Except XW-20, which must remain / 5.6 cSt.(19) This is not an ILSAC GF-5 viscosity grade.(20) Stability after 10-minute settling period.(21) Option A allowed.(22) Stability after 1-minute settling period.(23) There is also a 0.08 min P requirement, unless a successful SequenceVG test has been run.(24) Meet the volatility requirement in either Test Method D5800, D5480,or D6417.(25) See ASTM D4485 for sludge parameters require in API SJ spec.(26) Phosphorous must be less than 0.08m% to obtain API S claims forILSAC grades.(27) Requires all individual merit ratings to be equal to or greater than zero.(28) T-11 is an acceptable alternative at CI-4 Plus limits.(29) Sequence VE can be run in lieu of ASTM D6891 ASTM D6593.(30) Required for API SP-RC, SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC, ILSAC GF-6 A/B or GF-5.(31) Not required for SAE XW-16.BACK TO TABLE OF CONTENTSPassenger Vehicle Engine Oil Requirements For API SN PLUS-RC/SN-RC/ILSAC GF-5 CategoriesRequirements For API SN PLUS/SN are the same as RC version, except as per footnotes.RequirementsTest MethodPropertiesUnitLimitsSN PLUS-RC/SN-RC GF-51. LABORATORY/BENCH TESTSViscosity GradesSAE J300All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20,0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30.Foam TestsASTM D892 (21)Sequence I (11), (12)Sequence II (11), (12)Sequence III (11), (12)Sequence IV (11)ASTM D6082 (21)Manufacturer sets targetswithin SAE J300 specificationtend/stabml10/0 max50/0 max10/0 max100/0 max%% flow reduction% flow reduction% flow reduction% flow reduction50 max50 max50 max50 max50 maxcP and Pa 60,000 cP with no yield stress (17)EOFTEOWTTASTM D6795ASTM D6794Flow Reductionwith 0.6% Waterwith 1.0% Waterwith 2.0% Waterwith 3.0% WaterAged OilLow-Temp Pumpability (16)ASTM D4684 (7)MRV TP-1 Apparent Viscosity and Yield StressTEOST 33CTEOST MHT (9)Emulsion RetentionHomogeneity &MiscibilityASTM D6335ASTM D7097ASTM D7563ASTM D6922High temperature depositsHigh temperature depositsOil mixed with 10% Water and 10% E85Oil Compatibilitytotal deposit weight, mgdeposit weight, mg0 C and 25 C @ 24 hoursNone30 max (1), (2), (15)35 max (3)No water separation (2), (15)Pass (13)Gelation Index (5)VolatilityASTM D5133ASTM D5800ASTM D6417ASTM D6557ASTM D7216, Annex A2Polyacrylate Rubber (ACM)Hydrogenated Nitrile (HNBR)Silicone Rubber (VMQ)Fluorocarbon Rubber (FKM)Ethylene Acrylic Rubber (AEM)Scanning Brookfield Viscosity, Yield StressEvaporation Loss (Noack)Simulated distillation (GCD)Rust ratingCalculated% off @ 250 C% off @ 371 CAverage Gray Value12 max (2), (14)15 max (8)10 max100 minVolume Change,